Returning briefly to Okinawa, Perry exacted additional concessions from the regent and then sailed to Hong Kong, where he arrived in early August and prepared to spend the winter. However, in November he learned that a Russian naval squadron had visited Nagasaki. At the same time a French frigate in Hong Kong put to sea under sealed orders. Fearful that the Russians or French planned a treaty with Tokyo which would thwart his own plans, Perry shortened his stay in the Chinese port and put to sea in mid-January
Commander Adams’ journey with the treaty to Washington and back to Japan was the sequel. By naval vessel (Saratoga) and commercial steamer he traveled to Honolulu, San Francisco, Panama and the East Coast of the United States, arriving in Washington 3 months and 8 days after leaving Japan. The treaty was presented to the Senate by the President and ratified in time for Adams to leave New York in the early autumn of 1854. He voyaged to England and thence across Europe and on to Hong Kong where the Powhatan conveyed him to Japan. He arrived at Shimoda, January 26, 1855. The elapsed time between the signing of the treaty in Japan and its return from the United States was under 10 months.
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